- Trade unions
- Trade unions were founded in the 1860s in Amster dam, first by printers (in 1861) and then diamond cutters (1866). In 1869, a Dutch branch of the first International Workers Association (1860–1872) was established. Labor was organized along the same lines as the political parties, namely, on the basis of religious or po litical affiliation: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and socialist or com munist. At the beginning of the 20th century, syndicalism also played a role. Since the end of World WarII, the “recognized” labor unions have been partners in the regular consultations with employer organi zations and the government in agreements on the conditions of em ployment, adopting collective agreements on working hours and wages, among other topics.
Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. EdwART. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
Trade Unions — [ treɪd juːnjənz; englisch, aus trade »Gewerbe« und union »Union«], Bezeichnung für die v. a. in Großbritannien entstandenen Gewerkschaften, im engeren Sinn für deren Dachverband Trades Union Congress (TUC). Geschichte: Vorläufer der Trade… … Universal-Lexikon
trade unions — Trade unions are associations of workers who combine to safeguard their collective interest and to maintain or improve their working conditions and wage levels. Union aims can be industrial, social or political. They are either closed… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
trade-unions — ● trade union, trade unions nom féminin (mot anglais, de trade, métier, et union, association) En Grande Bretagne, syndicat ouvrier … Encyclopédie Universelle
Trade-Unions — oder Trades Unions (engl., spr. trehds juhnĭens), s. Gewerkvereine … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Trade Unions — An association of workers recognized by law, who join together to protect their rights and to influence working conditions in the workplace. Guilds, it could be argued, were the early ancestor to today s modern unions. Guild restrictions… … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Trade Unions — The history of trade unions and labor in Russia is paradoxical. Given that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) ruled in the name of the workers, the party did not see a need for independent trade unions in the Soviet Union. As a… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Trade Unions — Labor in the Weimar era was represented by three distinct and often mutually hostile Spitzenverbande: the General German Trade Union Federation (Allgemeiner Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, ADGB); the German Trade Union Federation* (Deutsche… … Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik
trade unions — Independent unions emerged as part of the transition to democracy. Under Franco there was an official union structure, the vertical syndicates, although there did emerge an increasingly significant independent workers movement, the largest… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Trade Unions — The prefascist trade unions, whether of Catholic or Marxist inspiration, were equally the targets of systematic violence at the hands of Fascist action squads, then of outright prohibition. During the resistance, however, the Comitati di… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Trade Unions — Initially organized as economic self help groups to tide people over in periods of unemployment, physical disability, and the like, trade unions were a by product of Austrian industrialization in the 19th century. A workers’ committee… … Historical dictionary of Austria